Thứ bảy - 11/05/2019 04:39
Mindful leadership for sustainable peace



We are experiencing an unprecedented period where wide ranging and disruptive major global change is taking place around us. In this context, the theme of Mindful Leadership and Sustainable Development provides a point of reference and pathway for understanding the contemporary chaotic situations. These disruptive changes challenge our understanding and meaning of humanity and truly question whether or not, we are able to live in a society where justice, equality, peace, and prosperity abound.

In the Buddhist light, a focus is placed on understanding the Buddhist teachings to develop solutions for dealing with these wide-ranging problems. Both the scope of change and the response from a Buddhist approach are core to the content of this volume. It is of paramount importance that any investigation and development of solutions for the changes taking place, require guidance from the Buddhist philosophy. As a starting point for discussion, an initial focus is placed on providing a thorough and critical understanding of the character and context of change. In doing so, we also seek to clarify and outline the nature of a Buddhist approach. In completing this review, it is productive to see that given the complex issues being dealt with, the papers do generate different frameworks and viewpoints within the broad term of approach.The frameworks based on the Buddhsteachingsarenotfullyfixedandagreeduponbyall.Therefore, our term approachrefers to a set of arrangements and viewpoints that act to inspire further discussion and development.

Given the above context, this volume is a collection of conference papers presented and published for the panel on the first sub-theme of UNDV 2019 on Mindful Leadership for Sustainable Peace on 13 May 2019 at the Tam Chuc International Convention Center, Ha
Nam, Vietnam. The panel commemorates the occasion of the 16th United Nations Day of Vesak Celebrations 2019. Through the contributions of participants and their papers at this workshop, this volume provides a diverse and rich range of thinking and wisdom rather than more traditional mainstream thinking or conventional wisdom. Treating the Buddhas teachings as a basic theoretical reconstruction, we examine the relationships between societies and Buddhism. We combine the analyses of the conflicts, trends and dynamics affecting future global development with focused studies on a range of policy areas for improving societies.

In the Buddhist light, our two most crucial aims in  this period of disruption are to greatly increase the influence and impact of Buddhism as our foremost duty; and that the Buddhist responsibility contributes to creating a new foundation for Mindful Leadership and Sustainable Development


Benjamin Joseph Goldstein looks at the topic of Moments to mind: Principles of Buddhist Leadership and the Process of Cognition in the Sautrantika School. Based on the Sautntika Buddhist model, he demonstrates the metrics by which Buddhist Leadership is defined. Locating afflicted states of mind in the decision-making process and understanding the process, he presents the possibility of undercutting some of the activities as effective leadership. The Sautntika Buddhist School provides the intellectual backdrop for this analysis. Given this, he focuses on the modern aspect of the topic concerned given. He presents a key characteristic of enlightened leadership by moving away from reactivity in the decision-making process. He brings into dialogue the Buddhist understanding with the modern leadership theories. Finally, he comes to conclude that that basic logic the Sautrantika Buddhist model provides a model of effective leadership and that its approach should be adopted to foster a sustainable society.

Bhikkhuni Dr. Hue Lien, Vietnam Buddhist University, proposes the discussion on Right Concentration and Mental Wellbeing. She emphasizes the important of Right Concentration by addressing the essential role of Mental wellbeing in achieving a peaceful society
maintaining harmonious family as well as ones own inner peace. In light of the Buddhist perspective, metal wellbeing can be attained and maintained by practicing right concentration. The method of concentration is based upon the Buddhas personal experience of mental development, and through concentration, he has attained enlightenment and nibna. Practicing right concentration directly contributes to the  achievement  of  happiness  through  abiding in ease (sukha), knowing things as they really are without any attachment to them, as well as attaining supernormal knowledge (iddhividhañāna).

Dr. Ram Kalap Tiwari, College Ayodhya, examines the issue of Buddhist Perspective on Mindful Leadership for Strengthening Peace. He warns us that we need to rethink the means for peace making, especially the norms, values and beliefs. Accepting that mindfulness can play a significant role, he explores the association between mindfulness and sustainable peace and identifies this method as a key bridging concept. In his closer view, choosing the Buddhist strategy of mindful leadership would be useful for the making for sustainable peace. In this way, it would be obvious that this program could create the appropriate environment for this effort, particularly in forming effective and energetic strategies for peace.

Ven. Dr. Jinwol Dowon, Dongguk University, Gosung Monastery, USAreviewstheissueToAchieveMindfulLeadershipforSustainable Peace: Suggesting a Buddhist Way of Josaseon (Patriarchal Zen) Practice. The paper introduces a traditional contemplative practice, Josaseon (Patriarchal Zen) in Korea which was transmitted from India through China, as a classical and genuine meditation as a way to achieve the mindful leadership and sustainable peace. The paper points out the way of practice of Bodhidharma by reviewing the Outline of Practice, which indicates that to enter by practice refers to four all-inclusive practices. The paper argues that mindful leadership could be one of the valuable contributions to promote the mindful leadership for sustainable peace regarding benefit for all sentient beings and Earth.

Most Ven. Dr. Thich Nhat Tu from Vietnam Buddhist University lays stress on the Five Principles of Global Leadership. For him, to become a global leader, a leader must have a global vision & a global 
mindset without limiting his ideal in family, community, country and region to open the interactive vision, connect to all the world- class activities. He warns that intercontinental and intercultural conflicts; religious conflicts prevented many countries from staying together just because of the conservatism in their traditional culture which has become a barrier to other countries and cultures. He advocates that modifying behavior is creating interaction but not impacting on independent voices. The biggest obstacle of global scope starts from language, culture, religious ideology, and political ideology. He asks us to find and overcome these external obstacles, adapting to global social, geographic, geopolitical, psychological, and religious influences.

Le Thi Thanh Thuy, Galahitiyawa Old Temple, Sri Lanka, identifies the question of How to Build up a Mindful Leadership for a Sustainable Society from the Perspective of the Bodhisattva Ideal. In fact, the matter in question has been much written in the Buddhist canon. By forming a Sangha, the Buddha shows us his much talented leadership. Jatāka stories tell us more about his experience as a position of Bodhisattva. Particularly, mindfulness is important to keep a right leadership for the sustainable peace. It implies a shift from the current way of thinking to a broader leadership mindset. In doing so, it would be a first step to recognize independence as central principle to follow. She explores to what degree the Buddhist model of Bodhisattva could be designed. She turns to the question of who sets out to develop the mind toward wisdom, altruism, generosity and compassion. Finally, she expects that this approach could inspire us to develop a new leadership in a modern society.

Nguyen Viet Bao Hung, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka presents his case study with a Vietnamese historical background: Mindful Leadership for a Sustainable Peace reoriented by the Emperor Trn Nn Tông. After presenting the biography of Trần Nhân Tông, one of the most respectable personalities in history, he focuses on three main aspects of his particular achievement: the art of emotional management, decision making, and compassion in his leadership. His various experiences prove helpful for modern leaders as they learn how to achieve good qualities in the leadership. Such a historical lesson is significant to build sustainable peace in society today
Prof. Dr. Binodini Das, Ravenshaw University, India & Amrita Das, Consultant, Bangalore, India, present their paper on the subject: Mindful Leadership for Sustainable Peace. In the light of Buddhist perspectives, mindfulness signifies right concentration. Looking at the particular aspect of this approach, one will learn how to draw on those inner reserves through mindfulness to respond to any situation as it rises. Its result leads us to achieve sustainable peace by ending violent conflict and vicious cycles of lapse and relapse. It helps us increase in productivity, in decision-making, in listening and reduction in stress in developing our emotional intelligence. At last, most importantly, it focuses on enhancing self-awareness as well as empathy.

Prof. Dr. Phra Rajapariyatkavi, Rector, Mahachulalongkornraja- vidyalaya University, Thailand offers a special review: Bodhisattvas Leadership: Mental Leadership for Sustainable Peace. At first, he presents the meaning of Dhamma essences by explaining the conducts and duties of a Bodhisattva. More specifically, he refers to the significant importance of its ten perfections. In doing so, he shows that there are three levels of cultivation that should be implemented: wisdom, faith and energy. With regard to the mental quality needed, he tells us more about four potentialities: knowledge on the reality of life, detachment of things, purification, and concentration of power. All of these are especially needed for leadership for sustainable peace.

Prof. Dr. Projit Kumar Palit, Assam University, India proposes a discussion on Buddha and Sustainable World Peace: A Study on his Mindful Leadership. The paper aims to make a unified approach to study all of the issues from a holistic viewpoint of the Buddha and his mindful leadership for Sustainable Peace. We are now facing a new particular situation: multiple causations, complex interactions, inevitable uncertainty and unpredictability. All of these create conflicts in society. According to Buddhist thoughts, sustainable peace and development are two sides of the same coin. Based on the Visuddhimagga and Atthasalini, we need to use Cittaniyama, Kammaniyama, Dharmaniyama, Utuniyama and Bijani-yama as a universal law to be applicable for the modern age. All laws are more effective for the betterment of human society and the model code of 
conduct for the sustenance of the living world. More specifically, the Buddha advises us to practice loving kindness towards all creatures and advocates against killing and destruction of life in any form. Virtue, Concentration, and Wisdom could establish a loving and moral society. There are two kinds of virtues, one of performance and one of avoidance. Finally, he concludes that as a compassionate mind increases self-confidence, inner peace, it would strengthen the base of sustainable peace, nature conservation and sustainable development of society.

Sandeep Chandrabhanji Nagarale, Amolakchand Law College, India deals with the question Mindful Leadership for Sustainable Peace: A Buddhist Approach with Reference to UN Charter. In response to the catastrophic effects of the world war, the UN has been established to introduce the new world order in the hope for peace and prosperity for the mankind. Unfortunately, wrong leadership and untrustworthiness are still problematic in world politics today. Its outlook is uncertain, and the Buddhas teachings would play a contributory role in overcoming these challenges. For this objective, human understanding and reconciliation according to the Buddhist philosophy seem to be the appropriate way to follow. In this light, the author argues that mindful leadership and sustainable peace could go together for the maintenance of world peace. In this theoretical discussion, he suggests some remedial measures to be clarified and introduced in the public discourse.

Ven. Devinda, Shan State Buddhist University, Myanmar addresses the Buddhist Concept of Spiritual and Mindful Leadership Qualities for Sustainable Peace and Development. This paper discusses the particular significance of Buddhist mindful leadership concepts. Its foundation is drawn from the story of Māgha, the Dhammapada and the Kūṭadanta-sutta of Dīghanikāya. The world and people today are in need of good and mindful leadership. Both can manage sustainable peace and development. These two objectives are very much dependent on skills and thought of the leaders. If a leader is skillful in controlling his thought, he could transform it into love and compassion. In fact, leaders have greater capacity than their followers to do harm or to make peace. Therefore, leaders should be mindful and skillful in making decisions. We should bear in mind 
that the Buddhist concept of emotional management is essentially needed in dealing with crises in the modern world.

Dr. Manish T. Meshram, Gautam Buddha University, India, identifies Engaged Buddhism in India: Buddhist Approach of Dr. B. Ambedkar to sustainable Society in India. Looking back in history, he explains the Ambedkars conception of sustainable society and highlights Ambedkars ideal of a just society with no caste, no inequality, no superiority, no inferiority where all are equal. The Buddhist Dhamma, with its emphasis on liberty, metta, and righteousness, serves as an instrument of governance. liberty, equality, and fraternity on the national basis would be seen as a foundation for universal humanism, morality, and well-being for all.

Prof. Dr. Biman Chandra Barua and Neeru Barua propose a discussion on Buddhist approach to universal ethics through good governance: A study on ten royal virtues. This research paper is qualitative in nature; researchers describe and explain what constitutes good governance, the ten royal virtues (dasavidha- rājadhamma), and the relationship between the ten royal virtues and good governance. The research paper focuses on the role of the ten royal virtues of Buddhism in order to ensure good governance globally. The ten royal virtues included: generosity (na), morality (sīla), philanthropic (paricga), uprightness (ājjava), gentleness (majjava), self-control (tapa), non-anger (akkodha), non-violence (avihimsā), patience (knti) and agreeability (avirodha). Mutual respects, relationship, accountability, and transparency etc. can be achieved through practicing ten royal virtues.

Ven. Thich Minh Thanh identifies An Approach to Mindfulness and Mindful Leadership. In reviewing the importance of mindfulness in the past discourse, he looks further at its rising role for the netizens. More particularly, Buddhist approach has developed well in Western countries. With regard to the effect of secularization, he puts the method suggested under review: Would it be considered as an adaptation or a distortion and a solution? He offers us an innovative view in considering mindfulness as a nexus to be connected to Shakyamuni Buddhas enlightenment. In referring to the book The Art of Power by Thích Nht Hnh, he states that the notion of Buddhist mindfulness has become widespread in 
Buddhist discourses and the positive development of Plum Village as a European meditation center is one of the notable examples today. As a result, he suggested that mindfulness may be universally applied.

Prof. Dr. Kalsang Wangmo, Central University of Jharkhand, India looks at the issue of Buddhist Perspective on Mindful Leadership for Sustainable Peace. Based on Buddhist teachings, he explains that mindfulness is considered as the highest source of wisdom, it would transform this into altruistic mind. In fact, wisdom and altruistic mind are often understood as one arising from the other. He justifies how mindfulness becomes synonymous with the fundamental teachings of the Buddha and how a sense of mutual responsibility is a manifestation of practices in the context for sustainable peace. Finally, he concludes that meditation has been positively reviewed in the purview of post-modern global society.

Prof. Dr L. Udaya Kumar & Dr. GM Susmitha, Acharya Nagarjuna University, India, explore the topic of Mindful Leader in the Global Society. They foresee that ethical leadership will play a greater role for sustainable peace. In this way, Buddhist teachings will be able to adapt to any socio-historical circumstances. Buddhist ethical leadership is relevant to all societies around the world. The aim of the research paper is to demonstrate the moral standards of conduct and duty toward common moral purposes. They explain the three kinds of leadership: ethical, charismatic, and visionary. Finally, this Buddhist approach to leadership provides motivation, empowerment, power sharing, satisfaction and performance of followers.

Ven. P. R. Tongchangya, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka, focuses on the question: Mindfulness for Self-Transformation and Becoming an Inspiration for Society. His view is that self- transformation for youths is more essential than ever before because advanced technology leads them to modern lifestyle, temptation and distraction. He argues that the Buddhist teaching on mindfulness is beneficial for everybody. The Sedaka Sutta and Sayutta Nikāya tell us that when protecting others, you protect yourself. As a result, we will be able to cultivate integrity, compassion, gratitude, loving- kindness, and generosity. Having developed those qualities further
we will set up a moral norm in the society to inspire others. Finally, he comes to concludes that by practicing mindfulness daily, we may develop self-awareness and engage in social work.

Ehelepola Mahinda, Bhiksu University of Sri Lanka, presents her paper on the issue of Buddhist Teachings to Sustainable Peace Building. Morality is the foundation of Buddhist ethics and its objective is to bring about peace and happiness for mankind. For this purpose, Buddhism shows the path of attaining peace and happiness. Based on Buddhist moral practices, followers achieve concentration and wisdom. Therefore, morality going together with concentration and wisdom bring forth internal and external peace. The Buddhist objectives are about truth, freedom, justice, loving-kindness, compassion, love,  happiness  and  emancipation. Its practice depends mainly on oneself and Buddha only shows the path. Most importantly, his central teaching is about the significance of the Four Noble truths. Buddha clarified the way of arising problems and conflicts while showing the path of cessation of all such conflicts.

G. S. Charith Priyadarshana, University of Jayewardene-pura, Sri Lanka, deals with the Role of Religion in Leadership for Conflict Resolution and Peace Building With Regard to Buddhist Teachings. The main concern of this study is to look at the question of how religions could contribute to the fostering of peace, harmony, loving-kindness, and finally for the spiritual development of beings. In dealing with the matter in question, he examines the practical utility of modern religious institutions. After presenting his methodology and findings, he suggested that Buddhist teachings can apply to the contemporary world as a leading religious example and served the needs of the future generation.
Dr. Phe Bach, California Teachers Association, USA and Dr.
W. Edward Bureau, Drexel University, Philadelphia, USA look at
topic of The Tree Intertwined Path to Leading for Sustainable Peace.
At first, they suggest three main paths to follow: peace learning
and sustaining peace-based mindfulness practice, systems thinking
as a path for maintaining peace and embracing the continual
flow. Second, they address the question of its practice. This training
has  various  aspects,  namely:  reverence  for  life,  generosity,  sexual 
responsibility, loving speech, and deep listening and nourishment and healing. One of the most innovative Buddhist notions in their paper is the O theory. The main principle for life that needs to be implemented is clear: It is better to be a human being than a human doing.

Samantha Ilangakoon, Buddhist and Pali University of Sri Lanka looks at the Buddhist Theory of Peaceful Co-existence. The conflicts around the world are rising and worrisome. We need a more urgent solution for these than ever before. In this way, the Buddhist approach for peace may offer a better alternative, namely the theory of Dependent Origination. More specifically, this means that nothing in the world is independent, everything depends on others, and everything exists on others. Religion and nationality also interdependence. On the contrary, if we imagine that there is only one nationality or religion in the world, we should maintain that our life on earth may become monotonous and dull. Given this, we assume that diversity brings this beauty and the Buddhist approach is effective to introduce to apply.

Rev. Dato Dr. Sumana Siri, British Institute of Homoeopathy (U.K), identifies some Unmindful Issues of Buddhist Leaders Who Seek Sustainable Peace. One of the major challenging issues the world face todayisreligion,evenintheBuddhisttradition.Therealityisthatreligion will always color politics, as in some countries due to their theology or cultural patterns. Fortunately, the ecumenism of Vietnamese Sangha and the Indonesian Sangha would be the beacons of lights to other Buddhist Sanghas. Finally, he argues that all religions are essentially valid and the same, though we may look similar but not the same. To overcome this, we need more multilateral and interfaith dialogues. He expects that in the future we achieve harmony and egalitarianism with reasonable sustainability.

Ven. Moragaswewe Vijitha, Buddhist and Pali University of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka deals with the question A Study of Buddhist Teaching with Respect to Conflict Resolution. In his pessimistic view, the third world war could break out someday. Given this, how do the Buddhist react accordingly in order to reestablish peace? The author tries to answer this issue on the ground of Buddhist teaching. He believes that genuine peace can prevail only in the heart of metta. It understands the causality of violenc
and thus gives an adequate solution for it. He argues that the Mahādukkhakkhandha, Madhupiṇḍika, Rahapāla, Mahānidāna, Sakha-pañha, Vatthūpama, Kalahavivāda, Māgandhiya, Metta, Pahamasagāma, Dutiyasaṅgāma, Kulāvaka, Kosambi would be the necessary theoretical background for peacemaking. It would give us a useful approach to follow for the future.

Ven. Pham Thi My Dung (TN Lien Vien), University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka looks at the Buddhist Views on Violent Conflict in Society: The Role of Leadership in Peace Building. The main issues of her research paper deal with the following questions: What causes of violent conflict arise? How can we understand violent conflicts as a current social problem? What the root of violent conflict base on Buddhist thoughts? Whether the Buddhist thought is concerned with the salvation or liberation of the individual and is far removed from social concerns or not? What is the role of leadership in this issue? Whether the Buddhist ideal of leadership is felt most suitable for a globalized world without violent conflict. In doing so, she argues that Buddhist thoughts had offered humans certain significant insights. Important here is the reference to the role of leaders who should have a high degree of moral integrity in order to construct and govern society.

Neeraj Yadav, Department of Buddhist deals with the issue: Mindfulness: A Tool for Sustainable Peace. Based on the Buddhas teachings, this paper will examine the value of mindfulness to make a sustainable peace. Most arguably, with mindfulness, one can lead a better life. Hence, the Buddhist approach would play a unique role. Even neuroscientists maintain that mindfulness training has extraordinary benefits for both individuals and societies. This practice would make people more innovative than before. It also increases the quality of leader by cultivating his clarity creativity and compassion in the services of others. As a result, the Buddhist way of mindfulness is the best tool to be used for peacemaking.

Can Dong Guo, Academy of Wisdom and Enlightenment, Canada looks at the question Logic and Correct Mindset Any Peacemaking Leaders Must acquire. Traditional Buddhist mindfulness training has been perceived as various meditation techniques. They are specifically designed to discipline the mind to concentrate and 
focus. This practice would help us to reveal the hidden teachings on logic systems buried in various sutras over a millennium. In particular, non-duality logic and  quadratic  category  logic are expounded. After discussing the philosophical background concerning the Cūla-Mālunkya-sutta and Agama Sutra, he explains the main idea of Nagarjuna in the light of Mulamadhyamakakarika. By comparing the teaching of Shakyamuni and Bertrand Russell, he comes to conclude that learning the Buddhist non-duality logic and quadratic logic would help us to attain right mindfulness.

Dr. Chandrashekhar Paswan, Gautam Buddha University, India looks at Sustainable Development and World Peace: A Buddhist Approach. This paper attempts to study and evaluate development within the framework of sustainable development to which Buddhism might be amenable to the adoption of a sustainable development approach. Buddhist sustainable development emphasizes on the transformation taking place at the individual level or inner ecology along the path set forth in the Noble Eightfold Path (ariya-aṭhagika-magga) or the three-fold training of morality (sīla), concentration (samādhi) and wisdom (paññā) before it is acted out or stretched to the collective domain. This paper points out the definite guidelines for world peace in the light of Buddhist teachings: the practice of the eightfold path, the Buddhas theory of dependent origination (paticcasamuppada), Buddhist doctrine of Ahimsa (non-violence), the practice of the four boundless states (appamanna), and the inexorability of the cause and effect law. To develop confidence, intolerance and harmony; it is important to cultivate common values or universal ethics.

Dr. Rana Purushottam Kumar Singh, Nava Nalanda Mahavihara, focusses on the question of Buddhism, Non Violence and Making of Sustainable Society: A Study in Prospects and Potentials. He warns us that ethnic and religious violence erupts almost every corner of the world. Unfortunately, to respond to this, some people see the emotion of anger” as being righteous and justified because there is no better alternative to follow. They prefer using their wrongdoing with anger. The rate of crime is, therefore, rising. All forms of violence which arise from anger, hatred, and fear are not the rational solution for the matter in question. Finally, he suggests tha
we have to understand the Buddhist teaching in order to find out the potentials to improve individual and society, that is to identify the correct balance between the roles of individual and society.

Dr. Santosh K. Gupta, Amity University Gurgaon, India presents the issue Significance of Buddhist Diplomacy for Sustainable Development in Modern Asia. This paper attempts to examine modern Buddhist diplomacy in historical perspective critically. Particularly, Indias Buddhist diplomacy needs deeper academic analysis. This paper underlines why India is trying to project Buddhism and what are its socio, political and economic aspects. It examines the approach of national leaders and envoys as cultural diplomacy and its historical roots in the Indian context. The paper also examines the significance of Buddhism in socio-economic contexts as Asian nations with about one-fourth of the worlds population are becoming one of the largest consumers in contemporary time. This research explores archival records and examines various primary documents in order to underline the significance of this topic in the modern context.

Tran Duc Nam, Acharya Nagarjuna University, India looks at the question The View of The Buddhist about the Cause of Violence, Conflict, War and Method of Remedy. Main issues of his paper are: The root of conflict and violence are greed and hatred, Apply the practice of the Five Precepts into daily life, Live simple, less consumption, Living happily in the present moment, Protect the life of all species, Do not exploit people and the earth, and Exercise the Breath. Conflict leads to suffering or even to the end of the world. Conflict is a big problem for mankind, and a Buddhist solution to it are the best one that we must be addressed.

Ven. Ridegama Wanarathana, Bhiksu University of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka presents the issue Ideal Democratic Leadership for the Establishment of Sustainable Peace through Buddhist Polity. The author exposes the applicability of Buddhist ideal democratic leadership for sustainable peace through Buddhist polity. The Buddhas teachings tell us the path to develop mundane life and transcendental life, it would be based on morality, concentration and wisdom. More than that, the Buddha also dealt with matters of economy and governance. The worst is that the people in the political system are strongly 
influenced by greed, hatred and delusion. In the light of Buddhist philosophy, the spirit of democracy should be implemented in all the aspects of its internal and external policies. The author gives us more details with regard to equality in Buddhist democratic practice. Arguably, Cakkavattisīhanāda, Aggañña, Mahāsu-dassana, Kūadanta, Mahāparinibna can be considered as the best tool to apply for making democracy and peace back again.

Dipen Barua, The University of Hong Kong Hong Kong, presents his research question of Buddhist Psychology Approach for Sustainable Peace. His main question is: Why is it difficult to establish peace in human society? From Buddhist sociological point of view, he tells us that Buddhism principles are good enough to improve the particularities of personality-based  leadership. The reason for this is obvious: a person would be deteriorated due to some bad situations. This research will take into account how Buddhist principles are strong enough to establish durable peace in our human world. Finally, he concludes that conflicts and destructive wars always stem from an individuals internal out-flows or defilements that are predominantly psychological.

Dr. Satyendra Kumar Pandey, University of Delhi, India and Simerjit Kaur, Department of Buddhist Studies New Delhi, India focus on the question Buddhist Approach to Sustainable World Peace. Main issues of this paper are: What is the 4th Industrialization? What is the need for the fourth Industrialization and how it is going to work? What are the challenges and prospects of the Fourth Industrialization? Can the 4th Industrialization become Bane from Boom? and Can Buddhist Approach make the 4th Industrial Revolution a Blissful Era?, Based on Buddhist teachings, they argue that the principles and values, enshrined in Buddhism could be of immense help to the world, two things are of importance: existential problem of suffering and its cessation so that the regime of happiness and peace could be established in the world.

Most Ven.Dr. Thich Duc Thien
Most Ven.Dr. Thich Nhat Tu

Dr. Do Kim Them

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