3.2. Great Supreme Patriarch of Cambodia

Chủ nhật - 12/05/2019 04:38
His Holiness Tep Vong

For UN Vesak Day 2019

I have immense pleasure that Vietnam to be the host of the 16th United Nations Day of Vesak (UNDV) Celebration 2019, and I have great honor to be invited to join that great historical event for Vietnam and Buddhist World. The main theme for the UNDV2019 Celebrations and Academic Conference will be Buddhist Approach to Global Leadership and Shared Responsibilities for Sustainable Society. The theme is parallel with the contemporary problems and leadership crises in

the world today. Every Nation and the world today are facing with problems such war, violence, health problems, non-stable economic development and Societies, lack of morality or ethic, etc,

All these problems are a symptomatic lack of a deeper crisis-the crises of leadership. These leadership crises, and many others, stem from lacking of moral standard, positive, constructive, dynamic, creative leadership skills as father, husband, and leader. To be a leaders should be trained properly and well.

In Buddhism there are so many discourses that mentioned above leadership which Lord Buddha taught to the rulers to be the righteous leaders. According to the teaching of Lord Buddha, leader should have tenfold righteous conducts called Rajadhamma as following:
  1. Dana = Generosity: leader should be a liberal and non-selfish person; he shares or helps the needy that really need his help.
  2. Sila = Morality: leader should maintain high moral character

or conduct to build up his personal strength and also to set as a role model for followers and subject.
  1. Pariccaga = Philanthropy or sacrifice: leader already prepares himself for sacrifice ones own pleasure for the well-being of the followers and the public, not for himself and his family, or his group.
  2. Ajjava = Honesty: leader must maintain highest honesty and maintain absolute integrity to all followers and his subject both in the open and secret place.
  3. Maddava = Softness: leader must be kind and gentle to all followers and his subject.
  4. Tapa = Austerity or self-control: leader should try to see his own weakness and mistakes rather than to see others’ faults or he should conduct with very simple life, not with very luxurious things.
  5. Akkodha = Calmness or absence of anger: leader should free himself from all kinds of hatred or anger toward followers or subject.
  6. Avihinmsa = Peacefulness: leader should exercise non-violence both verbally and physically to all followers and subject.
  7. Khanti = Patience: leader is a person who is able to bear with difficult situation, not response angrily or quickly to some issue that hes challenging.
  8. Avirodha = Leader is person who respects the law or is a person with rule of law, not biased because love, not biased because of hatred, not biased because of fear, and biased because of not knowing the law or the truth.

Moreover, Leader should have four Prahmviharadhammas (four sublime attitudes of leader)
  1. Metta = Loving kindness: leader give love to all followers and subject equally without any discrimination or bias.
  1. Karuna = Compassion: wish all followers and subject to be free from all suffering or help all followers and subject when they need help.
  1. Mudita = Sympathy joy: applaud with followers and subject when they achieved something, have happiness, or gain prosperity.


  1. Uppekha = Equanimity: leader remains stay focus on for some unhelp situation, not distracted from the sooner.

All these qualities of leadership lessons taught by the Enlightened One should be learnt properly and practiced well worldwide. When it got learnt properly and practiced well; sustainable peace, development, and societies, harmonious families, economic prosperity, and good well-being of people do exist in the whole world.

Last but not least, I wish the 16th UN-Day of Vesak Celebration to be successful and fruitful.
May all beings be happy, peaceful, and prosperous always.

His Holiness Tep Vong

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