2. FIVE PRINCIPLES OF GLOBAL LEADERSHIP

Thứ tư - 08/05/2019 11:03
 
FIVE PRINCIPLES
OF GLOBAL LEADERSHIP1
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by Most Ven. Thich Nhat Tu*


I chose the topic of “Five Principles  of Global Leadershipto respond to the main theme of the 16th United Nations Day of Vesak Celebrations  held on the 12-14th, May 2019 at Tam Chuc International Convention Center, Ha Nam Province, Vietnam.

The main theme of the United Nations Day of Vesak is Buddhist Approach to Global Leadership and Shared  Responsibilities for Sustainable  Societiesproposed by International Council for Day of Vesak (ICDV). Each year, ICDV, representatives of World Buddhist leaders choose a theme that is essentially interest & policy of the United Nations’ leaders in that year.

Today, my the Vesak talk will lay stress series on the importance of five principles  including  (i) Global vision, (ii) Prevention of cultural conflicts, (iii)  Proper behavior change,  (iv)  Empathy and management of external forces, and (v) Communication for overcoming obstacles.

I present the above issues as an experienced participant in two international Buddhist organizations. I have joined the International Council for Day of Vesak (ICDV) since 2006 as Deputy Secretary General. I am also a founding member of the International Buddhist

*. D.Phil.,  Vice Rector  of the Vietnam Buddhist University, Deputy Secretary General of
International Council for Day of Vesak 2019 in Vietnam.
1. This talk,  was delivered  given on October 21, 2018 at Vietnam Buddhist University, is transcriped from Vietnamese by Giác Minh Duyên and translated into English by NgTrí Dũng.


Conferderation (IBC) founded by the World Buddhist communities under the patronage of the India government in 2011. held.

As the Secretary General of the United Nations Day of Vesak (UNDV), I connected the founder and founding secretary general of the World Buddhist Summit,  Japan, inviting the Secretary- General of this organization to be the Vice President of the 2008
UNDV in Vietnam. Through that connection, we convinced the Vietnam government to organize and become the host of the 5th World Buddhist Summit in Hanoi on the occasion of the Millennial anniversarof Ha Noi. Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung of Vietnam issued a decision to implement the event.

There were more than ten meetings between the International Commission of the Buddhist Summit and leaders of Vietnam Buddhist Sangha, the Central Steering Committee, the alternative departments signed at least 5 documents, including 3 documents of Deputy Prime Minister and Minister  of Foreign Affairs H.E. Pham Gia Khiem at that time. However, due to great disagreements about the place, the Buddhist Sangha of Vietnam and the leaders of the World Buddhist Summit finally canceled this international event in early 2010.

Because I am directly a founding member, Vice President and Secretary of the three major Buddhist organizations in the world, the experiences I would share below are personal perspectives that serve as references to help you become superior Buddhist leaders. It will definitely a blessing for Vietnams Buddhism.

1. GLOBAL VISION

To become a global leader, a leader must have a Global vision & a Global mindset without limiting his ideal in family, community, country and region to open the interactive vision, connect to all the world-class activities. Thus, we must refer to the  national classy model. W hen the model is highly influential across the country, it immediately becomes a global model if national leaders have plans to introduce, replicate, and even impose the model on the global scale.
China often turns its national model with national vision into a 
global model with a global vision. To do this, the leaders must predict the worst possible situation when participating in the international integration, where there are countless external forces regarding us as obstacles or opponents. Their policy is to attack first to confirm the power and the existence. The major challenges that includes culture, religion, politics across the countries, regions and continents.

The World War I took place in the 20th century followed by the World War II in the late 1930s to late 1940s made mankind divided into two opposing forces. Cultural, religious and political challenges which whether we admit or not, become global problems.  If we do not identify under the view of turning the Dharma Wheel, not admit the deadlock, not search for causes, not experience happiness and a true path of eight elements, then our global dreams and ideals are merely simple dreams.

Many successful strategies  at the national level when being applied to a global scale, are proved to be inappropriate. Hundreds of countries have tried to globalize their cultural policy but failed. One of the most typical countries is China. Over the past decade, China has used government investment with the way of cultural diplomacy  and public  diplomacy  to sponsor the construction, teaching and propagation of Confucius Institute on  a global scale with the main purpose of confirming soft power through Confucianism as well as relative explanations.

In terms of academic  levels such as bachelor, master, doctor, postdoctorate degrees in the broad scale of society and humanity, in the narrow scale of the Eastern philosophy namely Chinese philosophy; Western countries like United States, Canada, Australia and some European countries were initially eager to embrace them, but then boycotted Confucius Institute (孔子学院) because of its expansion of illegal power that threatened the global security.

Over a decade, Vietnam has not yet learned the lesson but continued to support the Confucius Institute as a sign of cultural and academic diplomacy with China. Thus, Chinas strategy on soft power through Confucianism  has been very successful  in the present period in China and some areas such as Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, Tibet and Inner Mongolia, but proved a failur
when Western superpowers mobilized the world community to boycott it. It is also a diplomatic failure.

On June  21, 2016, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi succeeded in mobilizing  175 regional countries in the United Nations General Assembly to admit that the longest day of summer to be declared as the International  Yoga Day. This was a way to introduce soft power. From a cultural perspective, India was more ingenious than China because it didn’t prove the military power to force small countries to cede their land, their sea, and their sovereignty in the form of being forced to cooperate. They promoted yoga culture to support health. Prime Minister Modi along with ministers and parliamentarians anually on June 21 participated in doing yoga, which has been communicated as an important event in India for the past three years.

Thus, for a successful national-level strategy to be accepted on a world-wide  scale, we must clearly see the adaptation between different cultures under the leadership of global political leaders, global religional leaders. The policy of “ honesty  at its best “ is an appropriate  policy, a misleading strategy to show power will be uncovered in the end. It may be perfect at the beginning but not be great in the middle and the end. In the Buddhas language, his truth is perfect in the beginning, the middle and the last. And the policy of showing Chinas soft power globally is only accepted at an early stage, then is excluded in the middle and final stage.

Adapting to different cultural groups in a complex and diverse environment is what global leaders must pay attention to. We should not be subjective and tricky. World leaders are experienced in international activities, international events, international level, international  scale which are much greater than emerging BRIC countries, namely, Brazil, Russia, India and China.

The global vision must demonstrate the integrity, harmony and interaction that lead to the voluntary participation of UN member states. If what we propose is incompatible with this role, then such efforts are considered as build a castle on sand.

In 1999, Sri Lanka and Thailand,  the only two Buddhist countries in the United Nations, mobilized  the UN General


Assembly to recognize the Vesak full moon day as a world cultural event commemorating the birth, enlightenment and passing away, entering of Shakyamuni  Buddha.  The propaganda is not easy because more than 95% of UN delegates are Catholics, Protestants and Muslims. While Buddhism is only minor with two delegates from those two countries. But the value, the message of peace, the wisdom of solving the problems from philosophy to practical action through the 2600 years history of Buddhism made the UN leader feel convinced to accept Vesak a day of global cultural festival.

UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan was a Protestant, but he persuaded the general assembly to approve the resolution to admit the festival without dissenting vote. It was a rare event in the history of the United Nations General Assembly. The resolution affirmed that from May 2000 onwards, at the United Nations headquarters in New York and the United Nations representative  offices in the region simultaneously celebrated 3 events relating to Buddhas life are, also known as the Vesak Festival.
By May 2018, the United Nations leaders successfully organize18 UN Day of Vesak Celebrations. Most Ven. Brahmapundit, Rector of Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya  University, on the occasion of the United Nations General Assembly held in New York in 2003, convinced the Thailand government and the The Sangha SupremCouncil of Thailand of Thailand to host UN Vesak celebration 2004 in Thailand.  At the same time, Most Ven. BrahmapunditMosVenerable had to mobilize the countries in the region to supporhim. Fortunately, he mobilized more than 30 countries to organizthe first in 2004 successfully and Vietnam was a co-founder.

Looking beyond the normal, engaging in global activities is a noble ideal that we all need to care. The example of Shakyamuni Buddha expresses the  universal vision.  26  centuries ago,  he clearly saw things beyond this earth we live in,  called “Place of Jambudvīpa”  in Buddhist  texts. They are such as solar system, galaxies, that scientist could prove those things in 17th century. The decision to refuse to be king expressed a global thingking. With a progressive look, Prince Siddhartha of Sakya only erased social classes in Sakya - the smallest state in the remaining 15 Indian republics.  The two strongest countries are   Magadha unde
the reign of Bimbisara and Kosala under the reign of Pasenadi. Less than a year of propagating the philosophy, the Buddha made Bimbisara and Pasenadi to be his disciples. When the two greatest kings during the Buddhas  time became disciples to spread the philosophy to every family, especially half of India would be a sure within a few years.

Choosing a spiritual path, the Buddhas vision was showed that his philosophy would be followed by five continents and hundreds of nations with peace.  Therefore,  he chose the enlightened a spiritual path and did not choose to pursue a career in politics. Interacting with continents and the world with only the national vision is backward. In the country, a wrong policy, decision or going the wrong path could be corrected, which can be sympathized by the people for their patriotism and their nationalism, but missing an international trip is unreverseable. The international communitys prejudice on our failure to do something  will take a few decades to solve. If we do not accept this rule of the world, we will be isolated and pressured. The pressure Western countries often make is to emphasize freedom of religion, human rights and democracy in their countries. In the countries that want to integrate with the region and the world, it is the first level. Thus, if you want to integrate, you have to agree with religious freedom, which means we welcome Protestantism and Catholicism.

When South Korea adopted capitalism and have been Americas allies in Asia, Korea had to welcome Catholicism and Protestantism. From 1953 until now, Catholics make up 24% of the population, Protestants make up  23% of the  population.  Buddhism was introduced to Korea in the 4th century CE . C schoolurrently there is only 18% of the Buddhist population in Korea and it becomes a minority religion, while the Protestantism has been  introducing for over 400 years worldwide.

The global model inspires many leaders at the national level. The national leaders should develop a global perspective. The global visionary leaders must know to sacrifice national interests, regional interests, community interests, and family interests to become great eagles that could spread our wings to all directions. Otherwise, we are only satisfied on the form of “East or west-home is best. It i
a proud of the outdated ones. Our own ponds are stagnant, with mosses, poisons, insects, cannot be used or grow, so we have to expand our vision into great ocean and continents.

During the times of holding the position Deputy Head of the Vietnam Buddhist Sanghas Committee for International Buddhist Affairs, I made an effort to establish diplomatic relations, then work on a campaign to host the UN Vesak Celebration 2008 in Vietnam for the first time over 2000 years. Thus, with a global vision, national leaders can achieve world-class  goals that benefit the nation and the world.

2. PREVENTING CULTURE CONFLICT

Intercontinental and intercultural conflicts; religious conflicts prevented many countries from staying together just because of the conservatism in their traditional culture which has become a barrier to other countries and cultures.

I temporarily  call a cultural conflict as a bodys  reaction to external objects. In 1975 I was 6 years old, my left shoulder had more than a dozen of injections before the epidemic seasons to help the body counteract the disease. Cultural allergies create a culture shock that is even more dangerous than the way our antibodies zone off foreign objects into our bodies. When we take our national culture, our religious culture as a reference system to see the world, we are subjective. Subjectivity creates a cultural ego. The culture ego is in conflict with each other, leading to a situation of resistance.

So, the global leaders must identify situations that can lead to cultural shocks, cultural conflicts. If you don’t see this clearly, our global ideal is stopped like a race car with a tire explosion in the middle of the race, watching other riders cross the finish line.

First, we need to expose our culture to the cultures of other communities, other countries, and other continents; to erase the monopoly. People who open their hearts at the global level can interact and mobilize people to support national and regional level. It is a long process.

It is necessary to understand the dimension of different cultures. Not understanding others but forcing them to understand us i
an authoritarian attitude. The talk of Sevenfold Knowledge” in Pali Sutra, especially the Majjhima Nikaya (the Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha), I introduced the “Buddhist scriptures for lay followersteaching about understanding other people, on a wider range, undestanding Other countries, other continents, other ideology and other cultures, we are able to make others accept us.

In order to resolve cultural conflicts, it is not simply a matter of copying the model in country A and  passing it into country B because of the  cross cultural conflict in different places. The North Vietnam political ideological conflict under the support of the Soviet Union and China, and one of South Vietnam under the support of the United States, led to the war killing several million people, and Vietnamese, 58,000 American soldiers. That lesson is not applicable to other countries. The United States only intervened in the Iraq battle against Kuwait, or in Afghanistan. The lesson in Vietnam is not the ideal lesson that the US can use to solve problems with the same structure and the same nature.

In 2007, as Deputy Secretary-General  of the International Organization Committee, I dreamed of bringing United Nations Vesak Celebration to Vietnam. At that time, in the Committee, there were only two Vietnamese members, Most Ven. Thich Thien Tam, Vice President of National Vietnam Buddhist Sangha and I. To get more votes for Vietnam in this organization, I thought about introducing Professor Le Manh That and campaign for the Committee to accept him, a famous historian of Vietnam, and a prominent figure in the Buddhist philosophy. When Professor Le Manh That was accepted in the  Committee, we had three votes. In addition, to mobilize the International Organization  Committee of thirty countries in 2007 to bring Vesak to Vietnam was a long and complicated story.
National difference To invite a world-class speaker for the 2008 UN Day of Vesak celebrations in Vietnam, I proposed Zen masteThich Nhat Hanh to be the keynote speaker Plum Village Thich . I finally succeeded in convincing the International Council for Daof Vesak.

When  the  official information was  issued,   the  Chinese government put pressure on the Vietnamese government. The diplomatic note of the Chinese Ambassador in Vietnam and the 
diplomatic note of the Chinese Minister of Foreign Affairs forced the  Vietnamese government to  consider diplomatic political relations between the two countries and should not allow Zen master Thich Nhat Hanh to return Vietnam as the main speaker of the 2008 UN Day of Vesak celebration.

In fact, I thought that it was necessary to have a resolution of the president through the majority votes in the International Organization Commisson. It was the Commissions decision, not the decision of the Vietnamese government. There were several sessions held by Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung. Finally, Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung decided that China could not interfere with Vietnams sovereignty over Vietnamese territory.

Before returning to Vietnam, in Italy during a Dharma tour, Italian television interviewed Zen master Thich Nhat Hanh on the Tibetan issue. Zen master Thich Nhat Hanh shared that he himself supported the Dalai Lama and the Tibetan community. He cited that Vietnam once became a colony of China in 1000 years from the first century to the 10th century. The Vietnamese did not give up in fighting to regain independence and sovereignty, finally Vietnam won. Because of this content, China put pressure even though China once welcomed Zen master to lecture in China. Since the interview, the door to enter China of Zen master Thich Nhat Hanh was permanently closed. It was a political ideological conflict.

On a large scale, politics is also a cultural corner that relates to the countrys leadership in a national government. In each historical period, the polity may follow different tendency in different point of time. As a small country, we can easily be imposed, dominated, influenced by many dimensions. We now stand between China and the United States, and are inclined to the United States to create the alliance, and China reduces pressure on us:
Stand between two flowsSwim with one or give up?
Addressing regional and global cultural conflicts must take place when all our concerns are solved. The Commission has more tha30 countries concerning that communism is opposite to religion, and the festival should be organized or not. Why not? We are a
organizational unit, no matter which country we organize, it is just an organizational space. The content was regulated by the International Organization Commission. At least we had to explain, accepting the image of Vietnam to become a host country, solving cultural and political ideological conflicts can become a reality.

3. CHANGE AND ADJUST THE BEHAVIOR

The authoritarian leader tends to turn the policy of assuming his own success into a global undertaking, i.e. imposing by aggression, with soft power of culture and education. That is the identity of the world class leaders. It could resist human rights, but it creates a great class on a global scale that starts from a national scale. For example, Qin Shihuang, when ordering to build the Great Wall, was originally intended to prevent foreign invaders, he used a dictatorship mechanism, resistants should be killed. Virtually total authoritarian empires with authoritarian kings creating world class wonders with wisdom and ideal, but on the other hand it is full of blood, tears and death.

Modifying behavior is creating interaction but not impacting on independent  voices. That is the trend that the United Nations has advocated in the past 7 decades. The members of the United Nations admitted that they were eaffected by the way of resolving global conflicts in the spirit of the Buddhas teaching, especially through the United Nations Secretary Generals Vesak Day messag2018. There is the following proverb: “Pessimist avoids the wind, the optimist  hopes to change the wind to progress, adaptive  people continue to adjust the  sail. Three concepts of behavior change, adjusted to adapt. So we have three tendency groups: The negative group mourned, grumbled, gave up. The positive group expects positive but only stops at expectation, the Buddha called this the more you hope, the more sorrow you are, because the desire is not satisfied. Buddhisencouraged  the view of changing behavior. In the Mahayana scriptures, the Buddha mentioned the concept of Emotional Intelligence  and wisdom, but unfortunately,  the word wisdomand “Emotional Intelligencewere deleted later. Smart people are very flexible to adapt, progress and integrate. All the flexibility and adaptation that Buddhism calls “Emotional Intelligence and wisdom meansmust be directed by wisdom.


Situations reading skill, understanding  the mood of people, communities, countries, continents and the globe belong to one in 6 divine powers. Understanding  on a narrow range knows the psychology and advocacy of someone, but on a wider range, we know the tendency and policy of a nation or a coalition of many nations.

The world financial market changes every hour because of a saying by the heads of super powers. A quote from US President Donald Trump could change gold prices, dollar prices, or stock markets. Without grasping this progress, the previous day was a billionaire; the next day might be a commoner. That impact creates impermanence  quickly. So, the global leaders must keep track of global trends, global statements, and global policies of multinational impact. People without national vision are people covering them in a blanket and thinking that ghosts don’t see them. In fact, there are no ghosts, but if there are, even if I don’t see ghosts, ghosts will still see me because ghost has a supernatural vision.

Every adjustment begins with the right perception. In philosophy, there is the concept of Things-in-itself ” and things through our viewing prism. A thing has millions of prisms. Currently  7.3 billion people in the world who see a live program  will have 7.3 billion different views for the same thing. Imposing subjective emotions, subjective attitudes, and subjective desires on phenomenal things will cause things to deform. Vipassana taught the way which we develop wisdom based on subjective exclusion. In this way, we have global intelligence for global integration.

Adjusting awareness with mindfulness or wisdom, we will adjust the mission, interaction, contribution from the range of family to community, nation, region and globe. It is a progressive process that is hard to irgnore.

In order to adjust the behavior accepted globally, by way of diplomatic forms, we can achieve noble purpose. Zen Master Thich Nhat Hanh represents the Unified Buddhist Sangha of Vietnam, and in 1966 came to the United States to called peace for South Vietnam. At the same time, when studying the Master course of Applied Psychology at Columbia University, USA, he discovered in the school library the Ānāpānasati Sutta in Chinese equivalent t
the 16 breathing meditation skills (see more details in Ānāpānasati Sutta or Breath-Mindfulness Discourse, in term of Majjhima Nikaya sutra no.118). The changes occured since then.

Before studying abroad, Zen master Thich Nhat Hanh was very good at explaining meditation in simple Vietnamese. He wrote two works on Zen Buddhism at the age of 20 but they were very profound. Like the philosopher Pham Cong Thien writing the book New Consciousness in Arts and Philosophy that influenced South Vietnam when he was 19 years old. The concept of philosophy, literature, and political trends around the world were not only cited, but also evaluated in very convincing way by him.

Zen Master Thich Nhat Hanh changed the meditattion look with Chinese-based meditation, which he was trained and influenced in Tu Hieu temple, An Quang temple and many years while teaching at universities in Vietnam. study in the country. After nearly 2 decades in the United States, Zen Master Thich Nhat Hanh officially built Plum Village in France. Changing the trend and ideal to adjust the behavior, guidelines and mission took 16 years.

In 2005, dZen master Nhat Hanh came back to Vietnam for the first time since 1966. At that time, I was a lecturer in the Hochiminh Buddhist College,  having played  the role of coordinating the interaction between the monastic members from Plum Village and the Buddhist college monastic students. Zen master Nhat Hanh met Zen master Tu Thong and talked: My dear dharma friend Tu Thong , a few decades ago, when I taught at An Quang Pogoda, you and I committed  that we will not need disciples, not build temples, but invest in teaching Buddhism  properly because the teachers are just teachers, their Buddhism  understanding is still limited. It is not enough to teach other people for a lifetime, why bother building temples which consume too much time. Zen Master Tu Thong smiled because from 1950s until now, Zen master Tu Thong still kept his view of not building a temple, not finding a disciple, just going to teach Buddhism. Zen Master Nhat Hanh quickly changed committment.

Zen Master Nhat Hanh said that at the beginning, he established a The School of Youth for Social Service (now known as Phap Van temple at Le Thuc Hoach Street, Binh Tan District, Ho Chi Minh 
city) that attracted intellectuals to participate in peace activities. But because they had spouses and took family responsibilities and family relationships, they could not spend 100% of their time to do Buddhist affairs. By the time of the establishment of Plum Village in
1980s, Zen master Nhat Hanh had to continue to fight ideologically until 1991 when he first ordained his monastic disciples. In 1994, he ordained twenty more monks. It was a process of changing awareness that led to changes in policy and mission. Since 1997, 15 years since the trend change,  Plum Village has just begun to be known in the Western, with the community of white ethics, especially intellectuals. Earlier, the Zen master invested in writing books. His books were sold very well, translated into many languages that  made a positive global impact. Without those books, Plum Village could not be as great as what we see today. Zen Master Nhat Hanh is a historical witness contributing to the historical changes in the issue of Buddhist practice on a global scale.

His Holiness Most Thich Tri Quang, Deputy Sangharaja of Vietnam,  if you pay attention to his dhamma talks before 2000, always advocates  building the spiritual temple, because he was influenced by the two teachers namely Zen master Nhat Hanh and Zen master Tu Thong at An Quang Temple during 1950s. In 2000, he began building his first Buddhist temple; while with his prestige, if he had built a pagoda from the age of thirty, he would now have several dozen temples.

Therefore, adjusting the behavior should begin from the family perspective to the national or regional to the global one. Only when did Zen master Nhat Hanh change adaptation to the global scope, Plum Village has a global position, contributing to the change of the white communitys practice in many continents.

4. COMMUNICATION FOR OVERCOMING OBSTACLE

The biggest obstacle of global scope starts from language, culture, religious ideology, and political ideology. Without identifying these four obstacles, we cannot overcome them. The method of the Four Noble Truths of Buddhism is to acknowledge difficulties, to find a cause and to have an appropriate solution. Otherwise, its just a psychological reassurance that is not effective.


We need to see the importance of global communication creating global change that starts with globalization. New globalization has taken place over the past two decades, starting from a continent gradually to five continents.  Globalization  from the transport of manufactured goods in the city is accepted in nations, then accepted within the regions to the globe. It is the growth of production efficiency to consumers.

The process of shifting going with culture, political and religious ideology of a country is present in all other countries if the influence is very great. Globalization has a dominant impact like a hurricane, mercilessly sweeping indigenous cultures, policies and economies.

Vietnamese culture is being invaded by Chinese culture; we are devastated by globalization  hurricanes.  We are exchanging indigenous cultures for economic progress. That is the problem that heads of state need to consider  carefully. If there is no law- based policy, when the Vietnamese economy is 3/4 as great as one of Korea, then we will lose nearly all Vietnamese  cultural identities. Comparing 70 years ago, Vietnamese national garment was the long dresses, called ao daiand a hat, now how many Vietnamese people keep that tradition apart from holidays, wedding, receptionist?. We lost our clothing culture quickly in just 70 years of socialism. The house is also built in European and American style, gradually losing the identity of tile roofs, pagoda roofs to show Vietnamese art architecture, westernized music, Chinese reformed music, etc. Almost our culture has been torn by major cultures through the process of globalization.

The noble ideal of global scope will become the idea if it is not communicated globally,  is not explained  clearly to people to understand and accept. Therefore,  thinking about effective communication is necessary.  Facebook was launched  in 2003, initially for a small group of Harvard students; gradually Facebook became the largest social network with an estimated 3 billion users. Mark Zuckerberg, co-founder of Facebook became a billionaire quickly thanks to the power of communication combined with the technology of the 4th industrial revolution.
All cultural,  geographical,  political  and religious constraints 
need to be overcome. After Vietnams  reunification in 1975, due to political ideological differences, Vietnamese people became the fourth highest immigrant community worldwide after China, India and Israel. At first we were in other countries as oshin. In Japan, Taiwan, Korea, we play the role of bride. After 2 or 3 decades of settlements, Vietnamese people have participated in  politics, education,  society, fields and become indigenous people having their voice. As my prediction,  Vietnams global image is very pure and noble. Vietnamese people are diligent and intelligent; the disadvantages are to overcome conflicts and internal opposition.

In  order  to  communicate across countries, we must use international  language. Before the UK gave independence  to her colonies, the Queen of England, in consultation with political experts, forced the colonies to sign as permanent members of the Commonwealth of Nations. England changed everything in its colonies. When England left, the natives were very happy. But Frances caused many bad things in its colonies. When France left, it often plundered resources on the colonial countries, leaving the wild colonies backward. Although France claimed itself to be the civilized cradle of Europe, it behaved badly.

English and French are popular media languages because the expeditionary conquests of the poor countries with the policy of sophistication to bring science and technology to backward countries.

Daisetsu Teitaro Suzuki was born in 1870, died in 1966 as a master who contributed to changing the worlds  perception of Buddhism through explaining  meditation and mindfulness techniques. As a prominent student in Japan, Suzuki was sponsored by Zenu Soen, a Zen master in the United States, to study in the United States and became an interpreter of Zen Buddha Sakus teachings. By way of interpretation, Suzuki appreciated traditional Chinese and Japanese meditation methods. He wrote many articles published in international journals starting from the United States, later gathered into three volumes of Essays in Zen Buddhism. Volume 1 was translated by Mr. Truc Thien in 1966. Volume 2 & 3 was translated by Ven. Tue Sy from 1972-1974.
Zen Master Suzukis first influence was academic  scholars in the 
United States, then spreaded in Freuds scope of meditation and psychoanalysis. The generation of Freuds students applied Buddhist ideas and practicing meditation to solvemental  health problems, spreading the use of meditation and mindfulness in Western countries currently. At that time, British archaeologists, German Sanskrit and Indian scholars published great works on Buddhist literature through the Pali Tipitaka sutra, making the world an Asia research-focused interactive  school  especially India.  Regarding  the scope of world knowledge, Suzukis  influence is considered to be the best in the Buddhist community. If Suzuki had not known English and only taught in Japanese like his Zen Master, he would have done little things.

Talking about the contribution to the construction of the temple, no one can be as good as Venerable Master s Hsing Yun living in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. Zen Master Hsing Yun composed from the age of 18, leaving about 300 works, 1 TV station, several international universities, dozens of intermediate schools and about
250 world-class temples in five continents.  Even in Africa, he built several temples. But due to the limitation in international language, his integration has not been as successful as Suzukis, Zen master Thich Nhat Hanhs, or Myanmar meditators named Goenka.

Regarding the effectiveness  of modern communication,  on Facebook, His Holiness Dalai Lama has 13.9 million likes; Zen master Nhat Hanh has 1.7 million likes. Compared  to politicians and influential digital technology, we are still very far away. Mark Zuckerberg, the co-founder of Facebook has the worlds largest traffic, nearly 40 million Likes, followed by US President Dolnald Trump. Trump is the most emotional intelligent president of 45
US presidents when he used Twitter and Facebook as a weapon against antagonistic communication.  He was the most powerful US president to watch mainstream media and sideline media as his enemy in the United States. No president has ever advocated like that. He has tens of millions of likes. In order to have 1 million Likes, there must be at least 4 million hits. Donald Trumps Facebook, Twitter has become a major TV station.

If  the monks and nuns do not use social media,  they are disadvantages, they provided we use its in positive way. The local Vietnamese community has just used Facebook for a few years. I 
am lucky myself so far with 275 thousand of likes, Venerable Phuoc Tien with 218 thousand  of likes. Other professors have about tens of thousands of Likes.

If we compare Vietnamese Buddhist monks with entertainment characters in cinema, fashion, singers, comedians, then it is too far away. For example, comedian Hoai Linh leads with ten million of likes. If people use social networks as communication tools, the masses will enjoy online what we teach. For example, when I share a Buddhist perspective on the World Mission Society Church of God, within the first three days after posting on YouTube, there were 1.9 million views. That week, it ranked third worldwide in terms of visits. The largest Ba Vang pagoda in Vietnam covers an area of 6000m2 containing only 7,000 seats. Hoang Phap Pagoda every Sunday welcomes 10,000 people, the Buddhist retreat courses welcome up to 3600 people, or the worlds largest lecture hall of Dhammakaya Temple, Thailand, can accommodate up to 1 million seats, all can not get 1.9 million views.

The media network is like a big TV channel where we can’t take anything to compare. Its a mistake for not using it, not to mention that after you die, your posts on Facebook and Youtube are permanent in 100 years, 1000 years.

Accusing the use of media is for show off the ego is a short-sighted thinking. Communication is a channel to propagate the philosophy of Buddha,  the  Buddhas  ethics that  change the  perception, behavior, lifestyle, policies, ideal at the national and global scale. Like Vesak, I have seen clearly that bringing  Vesak to Vietnam will change the vision of the National Assembly, and Vietnamese leaders to Buddhism. According to my own research, in 2008 and before, we had 38 thousand of monks and nuns and about 13,000 temples. After 10 years under the impact of United Nations Day of Vesak 2008 & 2014, now we have 56,000 monks and nuns and 18,663 official temples, about 5000 pagodas, following Buddhas path which have not been acknowledged yet. That is the positive impact of UN Day of Vesak Celebration in Vietnam.

In April 2008, as Secretary-General of this international event, I was assisted by the  Executive Advisory Committee to hold a 
press conference for 400 daily and weekly newspapers, television channels that  participants must be at least the Secretary-General to come to listen to the International Organization Committees explanation of the Vesak Festival. I had to make a CD to introduce the Great Festival, the benefits of the Great Festival, the national scope, the international scope, the image of Vietnam in the world, the political and cultural interests, education, society and every aspect to help journalists who had little amount of knowledge about Buddhism, then they have been having more details  about the Buddhist core values .

The opening and closing ceremonies and relay programs of UN Vesak Day were live broadcast  on 63 national television channels in Vietnam. There has never been a Buddhist event in the 2000- year history in Vietnam that has been so powerful before. Abov400 newspapers provided free information about the 2008 UNDV celebration. Comming to the 2014 UNDV, as the second time, the density and wide range of television was slightly reduced. That is why the Vietnam Buddhist Sangha is determined to continue organizing the 2019 UNDV for the third time in Vietnam.

The benefits of changing awareness are very great, leading to changes in policy, behavior, ideals ... all begin with communication. So, digital media is soft power that dominates hard power on politics and money.

The doctrine has many sides, one introduces another,  the Sutras were progressive in defining the 4th industrial revolution, it is internet of things. Unfortunately, our monks and nuns still live in the oasis of the temple, during the lifetime of the temple only follow the Dharma practicing like the Amitabha for the dead; for the sick; The penitential rite for those who are guilty, while 38,000 suttas about the world view, the life, morality, society, the practice of concentration, liberation, and the view of the Buddha which are cared by a few monks. Thats why the wisdom of Buddhism is so great but the scale of Buddhism in the world is still too narrow. In the early 19th century, Buddhism spread across the globe, after the remaining religions for centuries.
We are less active in integration. We just sit in the temple waitin
for the masses to come. I often thought that it is like a village girl who thinks she is a beauty of the world, waiting for the rich guys in the world to flirt. While the Buddha was from 6AM to 2 PM going into the corner of his life. Every day we must go to a new location. Many people explain in a very short-sighted  way that the Buddha is afraid of the masses do not have money to donate, but in fact, going to the village to meet new people, sharing the philosophy, solving the deadlock, helping them overcome difficulties. It is a mistake to give up propagandizes Buddhism for five or seven hours.

We should propagandize Buddhism in the small  group of seven people like  Patriarch Minh Dang Quang. At that time, he was around 20 years old but he created a revolution in spreading Buddhism in South Vietnam. We proudly boast that we are a big chariot, a great method, with many beings, but we just sit in a temple waiting for someone to come. It is not enough. In that way, the masses cannot choose and must follow other more attractive religious organizations.

For media, monks when lecturing,  filming, editing carefully, do not rush to do live broadcast  if you are not confident and good enough. Edited live broadcast  will create a big effect.

In 2000, Giac Ngo Temple had a bilingual English Vietnamese daophatngaynay.com    website.   In   2004,   tusachphathoc.com page was  launched. Currently chuagiacngo.com introduces the Vietnamese Tripitaka,  audio books, Buddhist books, Buddhist films, Buddhist music. In 2007, website banhoangphap.com page gathers thousands of dharma talks of nearly 100 Saigon monks and nuns. Parallel that year, there was phatam.com, the largest network for the world community on video clips, 30,000 voice talks by about 100 domestic and foreign monks and nuns. The goal is to spread the Buddha-dharma through the self-study path.

In 18,660 temples in Vietnam, how many are currently teaching Buddhadhamma? 63 provinces of Vietnam have at least 25 monastic dharma teachers each. In Ho Chi Minh City, we have more than 150 monastic dharma teachers.professors; The national department of Dharma propagation of the whole country consists of several hundred monastic dharma teachers, but how monastic member
are teaching Buddhism? It is necessary to use communication to change and redeem your errors in this noble responsibility.

5. UNDERSTANDING AND MANAGING EXTERNAL FORCES

External  forces are obstacles that we need to identify  and overcome,  Adapting to  global social,  geographic, geopolitical, psychological,   religious,   religious...  influences.   it  also  has  a multi-dimensional  effect. The influence of mass media,  digital innovations,  the 4th industrial revolution as well as the phenomena of globalization  have changed the way we do business, solve problems, administrate, practice religion and practice in modern times. If we do not identify this change, then it becomes an external obstacle force.

Large corporations  that change foreign forces, they advocate losses for several years to change global consumption habits.

In 2004, when I first went to the United States to give dharma lectures to Vietnamese community,  a local teacher took me to Starbuck café. I found it strange because the driver called to order coffee  , when I  came out of waiting. They came to receive free giveaways and received coffee to drink. In essence,  if a person knew how to enjoy coffee, Starbuck  bring the title of coffee, not the coffee flavor. Vietnamese  coffee is true coffee. I don’t know how to drink coffee but I feel it.

Vietnamese  coffee manufacturers  do international business, selling raw coffee, which accounts for 60% of the world market share for only US $ 2 / 1kg. Global coffee corporation buy back and sell for 200USD / 1kg. Thus, we are bearing for all risks in the process such as land purchase acquisition, human resource investment, labor, natural risks, price competition, competition for traders, and then selling for US $ 2/1kg. While big coffee companies do not contribute to most of the processes but could sell at 198USD/1kg. Many multinational and multidisciplinary corporations  invest huge amounts of money to kill small  national organizations and small businesses. They lose in one country but take profit in other countries.

Pepsi and CocaCola are stranger when they came to Asian markets. Firstly, they give free drink to make people addicted to the taste. It is a method of changing global consumption  habits of larg
corporations. They grasp demand, market, consumption trends and boldly change consumption habits. In the current context of Vietnam, Pham Nhat Vuong is one of those global visionaries, spent 5 billion USD on purchasing intellectual property rights from German manufacture to develop their own car design - Vinfast. Their launch was very impressive, famous football player David Beckham and Miss Vietnam are reported by the world press.

Global experts must understand the  effects of economic, cultural,  historical,  and legal factors because the rules of each country are different and change constantly. When trade wars occur between the US and China, Vietnam benefits. International investors fled China for fear of risk. They run to Vietnam because Vietnam is a promised land with growing GDP. Understanding the impact factors, the investors will seize the opportunity to become a new dragon.

A few years ago, the project of Long Thanh International Airport was launched. Many investors bought land and took risks if the land is in the planning area. They accept losses, but if located next to the planning area, from a very normal land price will increase by a hundredfold. So, taking the policy or connecting with the policy maker before that policy is announced, the investment  will win.

In  2007, I  proposed National Vietnam Buddhist Sanghas Executive Council to establish the World Buddhist Association. We got consensus of the Vietnamese government, especially those of Government Committee for Religions Affairs, General Department of A88 and the leaders of the National Vietnam Buddhist Sangha, but we could not get the approval of President of our Sangha so all must close. Then we have to mobilize large organizations  to bring UNDV to Vietnam. When we return, we are under a lot of pressure, we have to agree on conditions that are sometimes unfair. If we are a big organization, with good networking, we will build a global image of Vietnam. In 2007, the International Organization Committee had only 50 plus member countries attending UNDV in Thailand. For the 2008 UNDV in Vietnam, I upgraded to 75 member countries while the 2014 UNDV in Vietnam, I upgraded to 89 countries. For the 2019 UNDV, we are trying to expand the database to raise the number to 115 countries. This shows that the sympathy of the world Buddhist community for Vietnam is very great.

It is impossible to think globally and try to overcome global obstacles. The problem is that we are still stuck with some legal barriers. It is necessary to be flexible. It is very difficult to adapt and overcome the global obstacles with a stuborn mind. We also need to rely on social standards, social defaults, global defaults to create interaction, adaptation. I hope that at some time, our country will have a large organization of world Buddhism, attracting the world Buddhist community to return to Vietnam to develop Vietnamese Buddhism to become a caste, not only It is purely an international event organization but also a spiritual tradition of practice, with values for the world community to consult and learn.

These above are personal,  subjective and incomplete views. During the last 16-year period when I participated in the National Vietnam Buddhist Sanghas International Buddhist Affair Committee, I thought what I was trying and needed, I did my best. The purpose of UN Day of Vesaks achievement led to the growth of Buddhist population in Vietnam, the development of Vietnamese Buddhism, the change of the vision of Vietnamese political leaders to Buddhism.

I hope monastic members of National Vietnam Buddhist Sangha should not stop at getting bachelors, masters and doctoral degrees. It is just a useful tool, not a cure. The new generation monastic membernks have more advantages than the prior generation, because we lived in an age, the era of the 4th industrial revolution. We can use useful communication, image selection and content to create positive impact.

If 56,000 Vietnamese monks and nuns all do the same, right after going to school, we have made great contributions for the cause of Buddhism. I hope that along with Buddhist studies, because it is a knack, we should learn more about administration and digital studies.

His Holiness the Dalai Lama, when he settled in India in 1959, made it clear in the autobiography that he first asked for reform of his education, which was for him to study science and politics. Through awareness and vision, the Dalai Lama has reached the world to become the most insightful Buddhist leader today.

With the above proposal, I believe we will create a glorious history for modern Vietnamese Buddhism.
 

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